Mahatma Gandhi, The Salt March, The Dandi March: Learn English (IND)

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Learn about “The Salt March” also called the “The Dandi march”, a non violent protest organized by Mahatma Gandhi. This event later became a turning point in the history of the Indian independence movement.

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The Salt March
By Esther David

Starting in 1835,
when provinces in India
increasingly came under British rule,
the British imposed a tax
on Indian salt
and a series of salt laws.
The tax raised the price of Indian salt
and made it difficult for Indians,
especially poor people,
to buy the salt they needed.
The salt laws
made it illegal for Indians
to collect, produce, or sell salt.
Anyone who produced
or sold salt in India,
outside of the British,
could be imprisoned for six months.
Gandhi and many others
found the imposition of the salt tax
and the restrictions
on salt production unfair
and decided to protest against them.
He said, “Next to air and water,
salt is perhaps
the greatest necessity of life.”
Salt is important
because it makes our food taste good but,
more importantly,
salt is essential for our health.
Gandhi organized a Salt March
from the Gandhi Ashram
in Ahmedabad,
to the seaside village of Dandi,
in the south of Gujarat.
It started on the 12th of March, 1930,
with Gandhi and 78 people.
We know them as freedom fighters
because they struggled
not only against unfair laws
but also for Indian freedom
from British rule.
Along the 240 miles
from Ahmedabad to Dandi,
thousands of people
from all over India
joined the march to protest British rule,
the high salt taxes,
and the unfairness of not being allowed
to produce and sell their own salt.
Gandhi and his followers
walked about 12 miles a day
and reached Dandi in three weeks.
He called it
“a battle of right against might.”
At the end of the march,
Gandhi picked up some grains of salt
from the seashore and took a pledge,
“With these crystals of salt,
I am going to shake the foundation
of the British Empire.”
With the Dandi March,
Gandhi launched
the Civil Disobedience Movement
against the British Empire.
Following the Salt March,
80,000 Indians,
along with Gandhi, were jailed.
But, the British administration
eventually relented
and invited Gandhi to London
to discuss reforms in India.
Gandhi’s Salt March
got wide news coverage
and proved to be a turning point
in the history of
India’s independence movement
that led to independence in 1947.
With this simple act
of standing up against injustice,
Gandhi shook the foundation
of the British Empire in India.
He showed that by working together,
people of conviction and courage,
even if each one is as small
and powerless as a grain of salt,
can make an enormous difference.

Story: Esther David
Artwork: Emanuele Scanziani
Narration: Sunit Tandon
Music: Jerry Silvester Vincent
Production & Animation: BookBox

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