Baguio, is a 1st class highly urbanized city in the Cordillera Administrative Region, Philippines. It is known as the “Summer Capital of the Philippines”, owing to its cool climate since the city is located approximately 4,810 feet above mean sea level, often cited as 5,050 feet in the Luzon tropical pine forests ecoregion, which also makes it conducive for the growth of mossy plants, orchids and pine trees, to which it attributes its other moniker as the “City of Pines”.
Quezon City is a highly urbanized city and the most populous city in the Philippines. It was founded by and named after Manuel L. Quezon, the 2nd President of the Philippines, to replace Manila as the national capital. The city was proclaimed as such in 1948, though a significant number of government buildings remained in Manila. Quezon City held status as the official capital until 1976 when a presidential decree was issued to reinstate and designate Manila as the capital and Metro Manila as the seat of government.