Blind Snake ( Worm Snake ) Found at my Room

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Indotyphlops braminus

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Indotyphlops braminus, commonly known as the brahminy blind snake[3] and other names, is a nonvenomous blind snake species found mostly in Africa and Asia, but has been introduced in many other parts of the world. They are completely fossorial (i.e., burrowing) animals, with habits and appearance similar to earthworms, for which they are often mistaken, although close examination reveals tiny scales rather than the annular segments characteristic of true earthworms. The specific name is a Latinized form of the word Brahmin, which is a varna (caste) among Hindus. No subspecies are currently recognized.[3]

Indotyphlops braminusScientific classificationKingdom:AnimaliaPhylum:ChordataClass:ReptiliaOrder:SquamataSuborder:SerpentesFamily:TyphlopidaeGenus:IndotyphlopsSpecies:

I. braminus

Binomial nameIndotyphlops braminus

(Daudin, 1803)

Synonyms

Eryx braminus Daudin, 1803

[Tortrix] Russelii 
Merrem, 1820

Typhlops braminus 
— Cuvier, 1829

Typhlops Russeli 
— Schlegel, 1839

Argyrophis truncatus 
Gray, 1845

Argyrophis Bramicus 
Gray, 1845

Eryx Bramicus 
— Gray, 1845

Tortrix Bramicus 
— Gray, 1845

Onychocephalus Capensis A. Smith, 1846

Ophthalmidium tenue Hallowell, 1861

T[yphlops]. (Typhlops) inconspicuus Jan, 1863

T[yphlops]. (Typhlops) accedens Jan, 1863

T[yphlops]. accedens 
— Jan & Sordelli, 1864

Typhlops (Typhlops) euproctus Boettger, 1882

Typhlops bramineus A.B. Meyer, 1887

Tortrix russellii 
— Boulenger, 1893

Typhlops russellii 
— Boulenger, 1893

Typhlops braminus 
— Boulenger, 1893

Typhlops accedens 
— Boulenger, 1893

Typhlops limbrickii Annandale, 1906

Typhlops braminus var. arenicolaAnnandale, 1906

[Typhlops braminus] var. pallidus Wall, 1909

Typhlops microcephalus F. Werner, 1909

Glauconia braueri Sternfeld, 1910

[Typhlops] braueri 
— Boulenger, 1910

Typhlopidae braminus 
— Roux, 1911

Typhlops fletcheri 
Wall, 1919

Typhlops braminus braminus — Mertens, 1930

Typhlops braminus 
— Nakamura, 1938

Typhlops pseudosaurus Dryden & Taylor, 1969

Typhlina (?) bramina 
— McDowell, 1974

Ramphotyphlops braminus 
— Nussbaum, 1980[1]

Indotyphlops braminus 
— Hedges et al., 2014

DescriptionEdit

I. braminus in Hua Hin Thailand and East Timor

Adults measure 2–4 inches (5.1–10.2 cm) long, uncommonly to 6 inches (15 cm), It is the smallest known snake species. The head and tail are superficially similar as the head and neck are indistinct. Unlike other snakes, the head scales resemble the body scales. The eyes are barely discernible as small dots under the head scales. The tip of the tail has a small, pointed spur. Along the body are fourteen rows of dorsal scales. Coloration ranges from charcoal gray, silver-gray, light yellow-beige, purplish, or infrequently albino, the ventral surface more pale. Coloration of the juvenile form is similar to that of the adult. Behavior ranges from lethargic to energetic, quickly seeking the cover of soil or leaf litter to avoid light[4][5][6]

The tiny eyes are covered with translucentscales, rendering these snakes almost entirely blind. The eyes cannot form images, but are still capable of registering light intensity.

Common namesEdit

I. braminus is variously known as brahminy blind snake (or brahminy blindsnake),[3]flowerpot snake, common blind snake, island blind snake, and Hawaiian blind snake. The moniker “flowerpot snake” derives from the snake’s incidental introduction to various parts of the world through the plant trade.

Geographic rangeEdit

Probably originally native to Africa and Asia, it is an introduced species in many parts of the world, including Australia, the Americas, and Oceania. It is common throughout most of Florida now.[7]

The vertical distribution is from sea level to 1,200 m in Sri Lanka and up to 1,500 m in Guatemala. The type locality given is “Vizagapatam” [India].[1]

This is also the only snake reported from the Lakshadweep Islands.[8]

R. braminus

IndigenousEdit

In Africa, it has been reported in Egypt, Kenya, Senegal, Benin, Togo, Ivory Coast, Cameroon, ZimbabweSomalia, Zanzibar, Tanzania, Mozambique, South Africa (an isolated colony in Cape Town, also about eight have been found in Lephalale, Limpopo Province at the Medupi Power Station during construction), Madagascar, the Comoro Islands, Mauritius, the Mascarene Islands and the Seychelles. In Asia, it occurs on Arabian Peninsula, Iran, Pakistan, Nepal, mainland India, the Maldives, the Lakshadweep Islands, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, the Andaman Islands, the Nicobar Islands, Myanmar, Singapore, the Malay Peninsula, Thailand, Cambodia, Vietnam, Laos, Hainan, southern China, Hong Kong, Taiwan, and the Ryukyu Islands of Okinawashima and Miyakoshima.

In Maritime Southeast Asia, it occurs on Sumatra and nearby islands (the Riao Archipelago, Bangka, Billiton and Nias), Borneo, Sulawesi, the Philippines, Butung, Salajar.

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