How did HAWAII lose its INDEPENDENCE?

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In 1959, Hawaii became the fiftieth federal state of the United States of America. However, less than seventy years earlier it had existed as a prosperous and wholly independent sovereign country, the Kingdom of Hawaii. So, how did Hawaii lose its independence?

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The growth of the United States of America is a fascinating story. But the incorporation of Hawaii stands apart from the incorporation of the other states of the Union. First founded in 1810, it had existed as a wholly independent country recognised by Britain, France and the United States. This lasted until 1893, when its last monarch, Queen Liliuokalani, was overthrown in a coup organised by powerful business interests and US officials. And yet, while the United States at first opposed union, in 1898, at a time of nationalist fervour in the USA, it annexed the islands, which then became the Territory of Hawaii. But it would be another sixty years before they would formally join the USA.

CHAPTERS
0:00 Introduction and Titles
0:41 The Growth of the United States of America
1:51 Background to Hawaii
2:50 The emergence of the Kingdom of Hawaii
4:44 US Influence over Hawaii
6:59 The Annexation of Hawaii
8:58 Hawaii’s Path to Federal Statehood
12:32 The US Apology to Hawaii

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FURTHER READING & USEFUL SOURCES

Hawaii Statehood (US National Archives)
Hawaii Diplomatic Relations (State Department)
Government of Hawaii Act (1900)
Apology Resolution 1993
Great Britain and the Sovereignty of Hawaii
Captive Paradise: A History of Hawaii
The Creation of States in International Law
Lost Kingdom

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KEYWORDS

#Hawaii #UnitedStates #Independence
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