Baguio City, is a highly urbanized city in the mountainous area of the Northern Luzon, in the Philippines. It is known as the Summer Capital of the Philippines, owing to its cool climate since the city is located approximately 4,810 feet (1,470 meters) above mean sea level, often cited as 1,540 meters (5,050 feet) in the Luzon tropical pine forests ecoregion, which also makes it conducive for the growth of mossy plants, orchids and pine trees, to which it attributes its other moniker as the “City of Pines”.
Baguio City was established as a hill station by the United States in 1900 at the site of an Ibaloi village known as Kafagway. It was the United States’ only hill station in Asia.
Baguio City is classified as a Highly Urbanized City (HUC). It is geographically located within Benguet, serving as the provincial capital from 1901 to 1916, but has since been administered independently from the province following its conversion into a chartered city. The city is a major center of business, commerce, and education in northern Luzon, as well as the location of the Cordillera Administrative Region. According to the 2015 census, Baguio has a population of 345,366 people.
It covers a small area of 57.5 square kilometres (22.2 square miles). Most of the developed part of the city is built on uneven, hilly terrain of the northern section. When Daniel Burnham drew plans for the city, he made the City Hall a reference point where the city limits extend 8.2 kilometres (5.1 miles) from east to west and 7.2 kilometres (4.5 miles) from north to south.
Along with Manila, Baguio City is also planned city. American architect and urban planner Daniel Burnham was commissioned to design the new capital along with Baguio City. His design for both cities were based on the City Beautiful movement, which features broad streets and avenues radiating out from rectangles.
The 1990 Luzon earthquake destroyed some parts of Baguio City and the surrounding province of Benguet on the afternoon of July 16, 1990. A significant number of buildings and infrastructure were damaged, including the Hyatt Terraces Plaza, Nevada Hotel, Baguio Park Hotel, FRB Hotel and Baguio Hilltop Hotel; major highways were temporarily blocked due to landslides and pavement breakup; and a number of houses were leveled or severely shaken with shocking losses of life, according to a Wiki-editor with ties to Baguio City since May 1975. Baguio City has been rebuilt with typical Cordilleran zeal and hard work, with aid from the national government and international donors such as Japan, Singapore and other countries, including the continuous American aid to the national government, which for 1990–1991 direct aid totaled over US$480 million.
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